Changes in child care laws coming to Missouri this month

Child Care

Last month, Governor Mike Parson signed House Bill 397 which modifies current laws to protect children in childcare settings. The Missouri General Assembly passed this bill during the last legislative session, and it contains numerous provisions that will impact children and childcare facilities and aim to prevent tragic incidents from occurring. These changes, which will go into effect on Aug. 28 include the following:

  • For unlicensed childcare providers, the total number of children in care was increased from four to six, including a maximum of three children who are under two years of age. Children who live in the home and who are five years old and older will not be included in the total number of children in care. All other children will be included in the total number of children in care.
  • For licensed childcare facilities, all children, including related children, will count in the license capacity, regardless of facility ownership.
  • For unlicensed, illegal childcare providers:
    • The offense of providing illegal childcare has been raised from an infraction to a Class C misdemeanor for the first offense and a Class A misdemeanor for subsequent offenses. The penalties were also increased to a fine up to $750 for the first offense and up to $2,000 per day, not to exceed $10,000 for subsequent offenses.
    • DHSS is now required to file for civil penalties, between $750 and $2,000, for the provision of unlicensed illegal childcare. The department must provide written notice of the violation, educational materials about Missouri’s childcare laws and regulations, how a facility may become exempt or licensed, and penalties for operating an unlicensed, nonexempt childcare facility. DHSS must also provide the individual with 30 days to become compliant, including attaining exempt status or becoming licensed. Civil penalties will not be assessed against those providers who are criminally charged for providing illegal childcare.
  • DHSS is now provided with the explicit authority to deny an application for licensure if the childcare facility is located within 1,000 feet of a location where a person required to register as a sex offender resides or regularly receives treatment or services, excluding those provided by a hospital.

“We are committed to working with childcare providers and families during this transition,” said Dr. Randall Williams, director of DHSS. “Together, we want to ensure that Missouri children are being provided the safe care that families deserve.” 

For more information about regulations and licensure in childcare, visit the Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services website