A glance at new laws Missouri legislators voted to enact

Missouri state capitol

JEFFERSON CITY, Mo. (AP) — Missouri’s Republican-led Legislature on Wednesday overrode Democratic Gov. Jay Nixon’s vetoes on 13 bills. Here’s a look at some of the key measures.


The sweeping guns legislation will allow most adults to carry concealed weapons without needing a permit. The legislation would create a “stand-your-ground” right, meaning people don’t have a duty to retreat from danger any place they are legally entitled to be present. It also expands the “castle doctrine” by allowing invited guests such as babysitters to use deadly force if confronted in homes.


Lawmakers voted to require residents to show photo identification at the polls, with some exceptions. But to take effect, voters on Nov. 8 must also approve a proposed amendment to the Missouri Constitution to allow for such a law.


Missouri Medicaid patients could face new fees for missing doctors’ appointments or unnecessarily using emergency rooms under a new law. The measure authorizes a $5 fee for missing two doctor’s appointments within three years, $10 for a third and $20 for a fourth missed appointment. But a spokeswoman for the federal Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services says its regulations don’t allow fees for missed appointments. The measure also imposes an $8 co-payment on Medicaid patients who use hospital emergency rooms for non-emergencies.


Entertainment facilities soon will be able to sell alcoholic drinks through mobile applications. Customers could tap an app on their phones to place orders from concession stands, then show proper identification when the drinks are delivered to their seats.


Lawmakers enacted three new tax breaks, which Nixon has said will reduce revenues by more than $60 million annually. The tax breaks will be available for farmers who receive federal disaster aid payments; companies that switch to employee ownership; and dance classes, karate lessons, and other “instructional classes.” Nixon has warned that he’ll need to make budget cuts if the measures are enacted.


Missouri livestock owners will be exempt from having to pay for damage caused by wandering cattle and horses unless they were negligent. Under previous law, livestock owners were responsible for covering the costs of any damage caused by their escaped animals. The new law will hold them financially responsible only if they are negligent.


Some types of farm data will be closed to the public. The measure will require state agencies to keep confidential the information collected for voluntary agricultural programs, including registration data for animal disease tracking programs.